The aim of quarantine and isolation is to prevent the spread and reduce the risk of coronavirus infections. Quarantine or isolation is prescribed by an infectious disease doctor, and requires the person to avoid social contact.
An infectious diseases doctor prescribes a period of quarantine for persons who have been exposed to the coronavirus. The length of the quarantine period in these cases is 10 days. When quarantined, close contact with people outside one’s own household should be avoided.
Leaving the house is permitted, provided that a distance of at least two to five metres can be kept from other people. For example, it is not permitted to go to work, shop or engage in group hobbies when in quarantine. Quarantine prescribed by an infectious disease doctor cannot be shortened by taking a coronavirus test.
When a family member is placed in quarantine
As long as the quarantined person does not show symptoms of coronavirus and has not been diagnosed with the virus, the person’s family members may continue to live normally in accordance with the general recommendations. They can go to work, shop and participate in hobbies, for example. Family members do not need to avoid close contact with a quarantined person, as they have only been exposed to the coronavirus. As soon as a quarantined person shows symptoms, they should make an appointment for a coronavirus test. In this case, family members are recommended to remain in self-quarantine until the test results are received.
Self-imposed quarantine is voluntary. It is recommended when a person is waiting for the result of a coronavirus test or has returned to Finland from a country where there is a high risk of coronavirus infection. Family members of the person waiting for the result of a coronavirus test are also recommended to remain in self-quarantine until the test result is received. For outdoor activities and social situations, the same guidelines apply for self-quarantine as for prescribed quarantine for.
According to the latest Finnish Institute of Health and Welfare policy, quarantine conditions are not prescribed for those who have received COVID-19 vaccine or have recently contracted the disease. If you have been exposed to coronavirus, you are not to be quarantined unless your infectious disease doctor decides otherwise:
• You have received two doses of the vaccine and the second dose has been given at least a week ago
• You have received one dose of the vaccine in 6 months after you have been diagnosed COVID-19 and the vaccine has been given at least a week ago
• You have a medical certificate stating that you have contracted the disease during the previous 6 months
In addition to above, to avoid being quarantined one must be completely asymptomatic. If symptoms of the disease appear within 14 days of the exposure situation, a COVID-19 test should be applied immediately. The decision regarding the quarantine is your infectious disease physician to make. Listed quarantine practices also concern social and health care professionals. There are separate instructions for hospital patients and nursing home residents
A person who has been diagnosed with coronavirus is to be isolated. In this case, the person is isolated from healthy persons. This is to avoid potential further infections. The person may be in isolation in hospital or at home. When in isolation at home, other members of the same household should also keep separate from the infected person, for example by staying in a different room or keeping a safe distance of at least 2 metres from the person. In isolation, it is not permitted for the person to go to a shop or pharmacy, for example. Instead, the person must ask for help or order products directly to their home.
When a family member is to be isolated
Family members of the person in isolation are quarantined. This means that they too should avoid contact with people outside the family. Family members should also avoid close contact with the person in isolation by staying in a different room or keeping a safe distance of at least 2 metres from the person.