Home care instructions

Anyone with symptoms compatible with coronavirus infection (fatigue, headache, runny nose, cough, fever, abdominal pain, vomiting or diarrhoea) should make an appointment for a coronavirus test. First, make an independent assessment of the symptoms of the coronavirus infection through the Omaolo- or the Coronabot-service.


If a person has confirmed coronavirus with mild symptoms and is not at risk, they may stay at home for the duration of the illness. However, the condition of the patient must be monitored, and the local health centre or the Medical Helpline (tel. 116 117) should be contacted if necessary. In an emergency, the general emergency number 112 should always be called.


If you get sick yourself

  • Make an appointment for a coronavirus test if you have symptoms suggestive of the coronavirus.
  • Avoid close contact with others and stay at home. Respiratory infection usually passes during about one week of rest at home.
  • When ill, rest and adequate intake of fluids is important. Fever and aches can be relieved with medicines that are available from a pharmacy without a prescription.
  • Ensure good hand and cough hygiene.
  • Monitor your condition and contact your local health centre if necessary. If you need to see a physician, wear a face mask or cover your mouth and nose with a disposable handkerchief when leaving the house.

If the test confirms that you have been infected with coronavirus, you will be placed in isolation.


When caring for a sick person

  • When a person with respiratory infection is at home, others living in the same household can reduce the risk of infection by avoiding close contact with the sick person and ensuring good hand hygiene.
  • Handwashing is particularly important when you have been in contact with a sick person, are staying in the same space as the sick person, or have handled handkerchiefs or laundry.
  • Monitor the sick person’s condition and seek treatment if necessary.

When caring for a sick child

  • If possible, only one adult should care for the child. A person belonging to a high-risk group should not be the primary carer of the sick child.
  • Make sure that the child receives sufficient fluids. If the child has no appetite or cannot eat due to a sore throat, for example, sugary drinks can provide sufficient energy.
  • When holding a sick child in your arms, hold them in such a way that they cannot cough directly in your face.

Reducing the risk of infection at home

  • If possible, only one adult should care for the affected person. A person belonging to a high-risk group should not be the primary carer of the sick child.
  • If possible, others living in the same household should stay in a different room. If this is not possible, a distance of at least one metre should be kept from the sick person. For example, the sick person could sleep in a different bed.
  • If you belong to a high-risk group but cannot avoid close contact with a sick person, consider using a mouth and nose protector if one is available.
  • Do not invite visitors to the home during illness.
  • Ensure good ventilation in shared areas, for example by opening windows in toilets, the kitchen and bathroom.
  • Practise good hand and cough hygiene. Use a towel of your own to dry your hands.
  • Throw used handkerchiefs and other disposable products in the rubbish. Be sure to wash your hands if you touch used handkerchiefs, etc.
  • It is a good idea to wipe contact surfaces and table surfaces daily using a normal detergent. Frequently touched surfaces include door handles, light switches and remote controls.
  • Clean toilet facilities daily, and avoid splashes. A household disinfectant can be used for more effective cleaning.
  • Bedlinen, cutlery and dishes used by sick persons do not need to be washed separately. However, wash cutlery and dishes after each use.
  • Wash bedlinen in the usual way. Avoid unnecessary handling of laundry. After handling dirty laundry, wash your hands thoroughly with water and soap or disinfectant.